أهم الأفعال في اللغة الإنجليزية

كثير منا يريد تعلم اللغة الإنجليزية ولا يعرف من أين يبدأ لذلك قررنا في موقع ملزمتي التعليمي تقديم مجموعة دروس تعليمية حول تعلم اللغة الإنجليزية والعديد من اللغات الأخرى ونبدأ بهذا الموضوع الذي سنستعرض لكم فيه أهم الأفعال في اللغة الإنجليزية ومعناها باللغة العربية مع التوضيح ببعض الأمثلة المكتوبة باللغة الإنجليزية، للعلم سيتم تقسيم هذا الموضوع الخاص بأهم الأفعال في اللغة الإنجليزية إلى عدة أجزاء نظرًا لطوله وكثرة الأفعال في الإنجليزية، من الجدير بالذكر إنه كلما زاد حفظك لكلمات اللغة الإنجليزية زادت ثروتك اللغوية الإنجليزية وبالتالي زاد إتقانك لهذه اللغة وهذا ما سنعمل عليه باذن الله في هذه السلسلة التعليمية.

أهم الأفعال في اللغة الإنجليزية

أهم الأفعال في اللغة الإنجليزية :-

fix: يصلح (past = fixed)
My father fixed the water tap

get: يحصل على (past = got)
I got a letter today

give: يعطي (past = gave)
You gave him money and he wasted it

go: يذهب (past = went)
I must go to school

grow: ينمو (past = grew)
She won’t have her hair short, she’s letting it grow

happen: يحصل / يحدث (past = happened)
A funny thing happened today when they were practicing

Have: يملك (past = had)
He has a nice car

hear: يسمع (past = heard)
I can hear someone knocking

Help: يساعد (past = helped)
The stick helps him to walk

Accept
يقبل

Add
يضيف

Advertise = announce
يعلن

Argue
يُجادل

Arrange
يُنظِّم / يُرتِّب

Borrow
يستلف

Breathe
يتنفس

Brush
يغسل بالفرشاة

find: يجد (past = found)
I can’t find my boots

finish: ينهي (past = finished)
When do you finish your college course

hold: يمسك / يحمل (past = held)
She’s holding the baby in her arms

hope: يأمل / يتمنى (past = hoped)
We’re hoping to visit France this year

hurt: يؤذي (past = hurt)
He hurt his leg when he fell

keep: يحفظ / يبقي (past = kept)
Please keep this for me until I come back

know: يعرف (past = knew)
I know how to swim

laugh: يضحك (past = laughed)
He laughed silently to himself

learn: يتعلم (past = learned)
He is learning how to play the drums

Burn = fire
يشعل / يحرق

Can
يستطيع / يمكن

Cancel
يلغي

Chase
يطارد

Check
يفحص / يراجع

Choose = select
يختار

Clean
ينظف

Climb
يتسلق

Climb down = descend = go down
ينزل  

Cycle = ride
يركب دراجة هوائية ( عجلة )

I arrived at the airport early .
أنا وصلت إلى المطار مبكرًا .

The teacher asked us to bring our books .
المُعَلِّم طلب منا أن نحضر كتبنا .

He ran fast to catch the bus .
هو جرى بسرعة لكي يلحق الحافلة ( الأتوبيس ) .

My mother cooks well .
( والدتي / أمي ) تطبخ جيدًا .

Heba cut her finger .
هبة جرحت إصبعها .

Answer: يجيب (past = answered)
The students answered the teacher’s questions

arrive: يصل إلى مكان (past = arrived)
We arrived home late

ask: يسأل (past = asked)
You must ask if you want to know something

become: يصبح (past = became)
The weather became colder last night

begin: يبدأ (past = began)
The movie starts after 15 minutes

believe: يصدق / يعتقد / يؤمن (past = believed)
The mother believed her child because he said the truth

break: ينكسر / يكسر (past = broke)
The window broke into pieces

bring: يجلب (past = brought)
The beauty of the music brought tears to her eyes

build: يبني (past = built)
They are building houses in that area

buy: يشتري (past = bought)
I bought a new red dress for the party

call: ينادي (past = called)
He called for help but no one heard him

carry: يحمل (past = carried)
The monkey carried her baby on her back

catch: يمسك / يصطاد / يلحق / يُصاب ب (past = caught)
The dog caught the ball in its mouth

change: يغيِّر / يتغيِّر (past = changed)
In Autumn leaves change from green to brown

close: يغلق (past = closed)
Close the windows and keep out the cold air

come: يأتي / يحضر (past = came)
The little girl came running to her mother for sympathy

continue: يستمر (past = continued)
The fighting continued for a week before the enemy was defeated

cost: يكلف / يتكلف (past = cost)
It will cost you $500 to fly to Paris

cry: يبكي (past = cried)
She cried with grief when she hard news of her friend’s death

cut: يجرح / يقطع / يقص (past = cut)
Don’t cut your fingers on the broken glass

Climb up = go up
يصعد

Collect
يجمع

Compare
يقارن

Complete
يكمل

Cook
يطبخ

work: يعمل (past = worked)
Don’t disturb your father because he is working

write: يكتب (past = wrote)
Sue wrote a letter to her friends

understand: يفهم (past = understood)
I cant understand him when he behaves so badly

visit: يزور (past = visited)
Tom has to visit his friend in the hospital

Correct
يصحح

Count
يعد

Cover
يغلف / يغطي

Create
يخلق / يبدع / يُنشيء

Cross
يعبر

die: يموت (past = died)
My love for you will never die

do: يفعل (past = did)
What are you doing now

drink: يشرب (past = drank)
One should drink water everyday

eat: يأكل (past = ate)
Tigers eat meat

end: ينهي (past = ended)
He ended his letter with good wishes to the family

enter: يدخل (past = entered)
Please do not enter without knocking on the door

explain: يشرح (past = explained)
John explained how to use the telephone

fall: يقع (past = fell)
The clock fell off the shelf

feel: يشعر / يحس (past = felt)
I can feel his heart beatings

fight: يتعارك (past = fought)
People usually fight for the independence of their countries

leave: يترك / يغادر (past = left)
When shall we leave for the party


Bang
يخبط

Be
يكون

Bear
تَلِد

Begin = start
يبدأ

Bite
يلدغ / يقضم / يعض

Blow
يهب / يعصف

Book = reserve
يحجز

let: يسمح (past = let)
She lets her children play in the street

like: يحب (past = liked)
I don’t like to be unhappy

listen: يستمع (past = listened)
Listen to the music and don’t make noise

live: يعيش (past = lived)
If he goes on driving like a madman he won’t live long

look: ينظر (past = looked)
We looked at him jumping

lose: يخسر (past = lost)
I have lost my book

love: يحب (past = loved)
He loves playing the piano

make: يعمل (past = made)
He made a cup of tea for the guests

mean: يعني (past = meant)
What does that French word mean

Meet: يلتقي (past = met)
I met him on the street

move: يتحرك (past = moved)
The prisoner was tied so tightly that he couldn’t move hand or foot

need: يحتاج (past = needed)
You need to learn the value of money

open: يفتح (past = opened)
The shop opens at 10

pay: يدفع
He paid 2 pounds for that book

plan: يخطط (past = planned)
She planned to do some work this afternoon

put: يضع (past = put)
You put too much salt in this food

rain: يمطر (past = rained)
It is raining heavily this night

read: يقرأ (past = read)
I can read French but I can’t speak it

ride: يقود (past = rode)
Can you ride a bicycle

run: يركض (past = ran)
He ran to catch the bus

say: يقول (past = said)
What did you say

see: يرى (past = saw)
It was so dark that he could hardly see

sell: يبيع (past = sold)
There are many dishonest voters who sell their vote to whoever pays most

send: يرسل (past = sent)
If you need money, I’ll send it

sit: يجلس (past = sat)
If you can’t find a seat you’ll have to sit on the floor

sleep: ينام (past = slept)
He likes to sleep an hour in the afternoon

speak: يتكلم (past = spoke)
He was too ill to speak

stand: يقف (past = stood)
I couldn’t get a seat on the bus, so I had to stand

start: يبدأ (past = started)
He started poor but quickly became rich

stay: يبقى (past = stayed)
I stayed late at the party last night

stop: يتوقف (past = stopped)
We stopped working at teatime

study: يدرس (past = studied)
He studies medicine

take: يأخذ (past = took)
John took second place in the race

talk: يتكلم (past = talked)
Students are not allowed to talk in class without permission

teach: يُدرِس م يُعلِم (past = taught)
I teach English for intermediate classes

tell: يخبر (past = told)
You promised that you won’t tell anyone about my secret

think: يفكر (past = thought)
We should think of a solution for this problem

touch: يلمس (past = touched)
Don’t touch the oven it is very hot

try: يجرب (past = tried)
Lama had to try the dress before she bought it

turn: يلف / يتحول (past = turned)
The wheel turned slowly

use: يستعمل (past = used)
The cameraman uses a new type of films

wait: ينتظر (past = waited)
Don’t wait for me tonight I will stay out late

walk: يمشي (past = walked)
We walked together in the fields hand in hand

want: يريد / يرغب (past = wanted)
My grandma wanted to see me

wash: يغسل (past = washed)
Parents should tell their children to wash their hand before they eat

watch: يشاهد (past = watched)
We are watching a horror movie at this moment

تحدثنا في هذا الموضوع عن أهم وأشهر كلمات قاموس الأفعال في اللغة الإنجليزية و أهم معانيها باللغة العربية ووضحنا ذلك ببعض الأمثلة المكتوبة باللغة الإنجليزية، إنتظرونا في الجزء الثاني من تكملة أهم الأفعال في اللغة الإنجليزية.
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