أهم الأفعال في اللغة الإنجليزية

كثير منا يريد تعلم اللغة الإنجليزية ولا يعرف من أين يبدأ لذلك قررنا في موقع ملزمتي التعليمي تقديم مجموعة دروس تعليمية حول تعلم اللغة الإنجليزية والعديد من اللغات الأخرى ونبدأ بهذا الموضوع الذي سنستعرض لكم فيه أهم الأفعال في اللغة الإنجليزية ومعناها باللغة العربية مع التوضيح ببعض الأمثلة المكتوبة باللغة الإنجليزية، للعلم سيتم تقسيم هذا الموضوع الخاص بأهم الأفعال في اللغة الإنجليزية إلى عدة أجزاء نظرًا لطوله وكثرة الأفعال في الإنجليزية، من الجدير بالذكر إنه كلما زاد حفظك لكلمات اللغة الإنجليزية زادت ثروتك اللغوية الإنجليزية وبالتالي زاد إتقانك لهذه اللغة وهذا ما سنعمل عليه باذن الله في هذه السلسلة التعليمية.

أهم الأفعال في اللغة الإنجليزية :-

fix: يصلح (past = fixed)
My father fixed the water tap
get: يحصل على (past = got)
I got a letter today
give: يعطي (past = gave)
You gave him money and he wasted it
go: يذهب (past = went)
I must go to school
grow: ينمو (past = grew)
She won’t have her hair short, she’s letting it grow
happen: يحصل / يحدث (past = happened)
A funny thing happened today when they were practicing
Have: يملك (past = had)
He has a nice car
hear: يسمع (past = heard)
I can hear someone knocking
Help: يساعد (past = helped)
The stick helps him to walk
Accept
يقبل
Add
يضيف
Advertise = announce
يعلن
Argue
يُجادل
Arrange
يُنظِّم / يُرتِّب
Borrow
يستلف
Breathe
يتنفس
Brush
يغسل بالفرشاة
find: يجد (past = found)
I can’t find my boots
finish: ينهي (past = finished)
When do you finish your college course
hold: يمسك / يحمل (past = held)
She’s holding the baby in her arms
hope: يأمل / يتمنى (past = hoped)
We’re hoping to visit France this year
hurt: يؤذي (past = hurt)
He hurt his leg when he fell
keep: يحفظ / يبقي (past = kept)
Please keep this for me until I come back
know: يعرف (past = knew)
I know how to swim
laugh: يضحك (past = laughed)
He laughed silently to himself
learn: يتعلم (past = learned)
He is learning how to play the drums
Burn = fire
يشعل / يحرق
Can
يستطيع / يمكن
Cancel
يلغي
Chase
يطارد
Check
يفحص / يراجع
Choose = select
يختار
Clean
ينظف
Climb
يتسلق
Climb down = descend = go down
ينزل
Cycle = ride
يركب دراجة هوائية ( عجلة )
I arrived at the airport early .
أنا وصلت إلى المطار مبكرًا .
The teacher asked us to bring our books .
المُعَلِّم طلب منا أن نحضر كتبنا .
He ran fast to catch the bus .
هو جرى بسرعة لكي يلحق الحافلة ( الأتوبيس ) .
My mother cooks well .
( والدتي / أمي ) تطبخ جيدًا .
Heba cut her finger .
هبة جرحت إصبعها .
Answer: يجيب (past = answered)
The students answered the teacher’s questions
arrive: يصل إلى مكان (past = arrived)
We arrived home late
ask: يسأل (past = asked)
You must ask if you want to know something
become: يصبح (past = became)
The weather became colder last night
begin: يبدأ (past = began)
The movie starts after 15 minutes
believe: يصدق / يعتقد / يؤمن (past = believed)
The mother believed her child because he said the truth
break: ينكسر / يكسر (past = broke)
The window broke into pieces
bring: يجلب (past = brought)
The beauty of the music brought tears to her eyes
build: يبني (past = built)
They are building houses in that area
buy: يشتري (past = bought)
I bought a new red dress for the party
call: ينادي (past = called)
He called for help but no one heard him
carry: يحمل (past = carried)
The monkey carried her baby on her back
catch: يمسك / يصطاد / يلحق / يُصاب ب (past = caught)
The dog caught the ball in its mouth
change: يغيِّر / يتغيِّر (past = changed)
In Autumn leaves change from green to brown
close: يغلق (past = closed)
Close the windows and keep out the cold air
come: يأتي / يحضر (past = came)
The little girl came running to her mother for sympathy
continue: يستمر (past = continued)
The fighting continued for a week before the enemy was defeated
cost: يكلف / يتكلف (past = cost)
It will cost you $500 to fly to Paris
cry: يبكي (past = cried)
She cried with grief when she hard news of her friend’s death
cut: يجرح / يقطع / يقص (past = cut)
Don’t cut your fingers on the broken glass
Climb up = go up
يصعد
Collect
يجمع
Compare
يقارن
Complete
يكمل

تكملة أفعال اللغة الإنجليزية :-

Cook
يطبخ
work: يعمل (past = worked)
Don’t disturb your father because he is working
write: يكتب (past = wrote)
Sue wrote a letter to her friends
understand: يفهم (past = understood)
I cant understand him when he behaves so badly
visit: يزور (past = visited)
Tom has to visit his friend in the hospital
Correct
يصحح
Count
يعد
Cover
يغلف / يغطي
Create
يخلق / يبدع / يُنشيء
Cross
يعبر
die: يموت (past = died)
My love for you will never die
do: يفعل (past = did)
What are you doing now
drink: يشرب (past = drank)
One should drink water everyday
eat: يأكل (past = ate)
Tigers eat meat
end: ينهي (past = ended)
He ended his letter with good wishes to the family
enter: يدخل (past = entered)
Please do not enter without knocking on the door
explain: يشرح (past = explained)
John explained how to use the telephone
fall: يقع (past = fell)
The clock fell off the shelf
feel: يشعر / يحس (past = felt)
I can feel his heart beatings
fight: يتعارك (past = fought)
People usually fight for the independence of their countries
leave: يترك / يغادر (past = left)
When shall we leave for the party
Bang
يخبط
Be
يكون
Bear
تَلِد
Begin = start
يبدأ
Bite
يلدغ / يقضم / يعض
Blow
يهب / يعصف
Book = reserve
يحجز
let: يسمح (past = let)
She lets her children play in the street
like: يحب (past = liked)
I don’t like to be unhappy
listen: يستمع (past = listened)
Listen to the music and don’t make noise
live: يعيش (past = lived)
If he goes on driving like a madman he won’t live long
look: ينظر (past = looked)
We looked at him jumping
lose: يخسر (past = lost)
I have lost my book
love: يحب (past = loved)
He loves playing the piano
make: يعمل (past = made)
He made a cup of tea for the guests
mean: يعني (past = meant)
What does that French word mean
Meet: يلتقي (past = met)
I met him on the street
move: يتحرك (past = moved)
The prisoner was tied so tightly that he couldn’t move hand or foot
need: يحتاج (past = needed)
You need to learn the value of money
open: يفتح (past = opened)
The shop opens at 10
pay: يدفع
He paid 2 pounds for that book
plan: يخطط (past = planned)
She planned to do some work this afternoon
put: يضع (past = put)
You put too much salt in this food
rain: يمطر (past = rained)
It is raining heavily this night
read: يقرأ (past = read)
I can read French but I can’t speak it
ride: يقود (past = rode)
Can you ride a bicycle
run: يركض (past = ran)
He ran to catch the bus
say: يقول (past = said)
What did you say
see: يرى (past = saw)
It was so dark that he could hardly see
sell: يبيع (past = sold)
There are many dishonest voters who sell their vote to whoever pays most
send: يرسل (past = sent)
If you need money, I’ll send it
sit: يجلس (past = sat)
If you can’t find a seat you’ll have to sit on the floor
sleep: ينام (past = slept)
He likes to sleep an hour in the afternoon
speak: يتكلم (past = spoke)
He was too ill to speak
stand: يقف (past = stood)
I couldn’t get a seat on the bus, so I had to stand
start: يبدأ (past = started)
He started poor but quickly became rich
stay: يبقى (past = stayed)
I stayed late at the party last night
stop: يتوقف (past = stopped)
We stopped working at teatime
study: يدرس (past = studied)
He studies medicine
take: يأخذ (past = took)
John took second place in the race
talk: يتكلم (past = talked)
Students are not allowed to talk in class without permission
teach: يُدرِس م يُعلِم (past = taught)
I teach English for intermediate classes
tell: يخبر (past = told)
You promised that you won’t tell anyone about my secret
think: يفكر (past = thought)
We should think of a solution for this problem
touch: يلمس (past = touched)
Don’t touch the oven it is very hot
try: يجرب (past = tried)
Lama had to try the dress before she bought it
turn: يلف / يتحول (past = turned)
The wheel turned slowly
use: يستعمل (past = used)
The cameraman uses a new type of films
wait: ينتظر (past = waited)
Don’t wait for me tonight I will stay out late
walk: يمشي (past = walked)
We walked together in the fields hand in hand
want: يريد / يرغب (past = wanted)
My grandma wanted to see me
wash: يغسل (past = washed)
Parents should tell their children to wash their hand before they eat
watch: يشاهد (past = watched)
We are watching a horror movie at this moment
تحدثنا في هذا الموضوع عن أهم وأشهر كلمات قاموس الأفعال في اللغة الإنجليزية و أهم معانيها باللغة العربية ووضحنا ذلك ببعض الأمثلة المكتوبة باللغة الإنجليزية، إنتظرونا في الجزء الثاني من تكملة أهم الأفعال في اللغة الإنجليزية.
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